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 Copyright © 2019 By Shanghai Science & Technology Development Foundation

THEY WERE BORN IN CHINA 

THEY CHANGED THE WORLD 

Qian Xuesen 

Qian Xuesen,or Hsue-Shen Tsien(11 December 1911 – 31 October 2009), was a Chinese engineer who contributed to aerodynamics and rocket science. Recruited from MIT, he joined Theodore von Karman's group at Caltech, including the founding of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.Later,he returned to China and made important contributions to China's missile and space program. For his contributions, he became known as the"Father of Chinese Rocketry", nicknamed the "King of Rocketry". In 1957,Qian was elected an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences .

Li Siguang

Li Siguang (1889–1971)is the founder of China's Geomechanics, Palaeontology, Geology, and Quaternary geology.He created geotechnical mechanics of the geotectonics and put forward his own unique perspectives on the causes of formation of the eastern mountain system of the Eurasian continent. It is a modern plate tectonic theory.He made outstanding contributions to changing the situation of "oil deficiency", enabling the large-scale development of oil fields to raise the country to the ranks of the world's major oil producers. 

Yuan Longping

Yuan Longping (September 7, 1930 - ) is a Chinese agricultural scientist and educator, known for developing the first hybrid rice varieties in the 1970s.

Hybrid rice has since been grown in dozens of countries in Africa, America, and Asia — providing a robust food source in areas with a high risk of famine. For his contributions, Yuan is sometimes called "The Father of Hybrid Rice" by the world

RIDE THE WILDEST WAVES OF PARADISE

Hua Luogeng

Hua Luogeng (November 12, 1910 - June 12, 1985)was a Chinese mathematician famous for his important contributions to number theory and one of the most influential mathematicians in the world. He is the founder of China's analytic number theory, matrix geometry, self-sustained function theory, and multivariate complex functions.Hua's later work on mathematical optimization and operations research made an enormous impact on China's economy.

Hua Luogeng

Hua Luogeng (November 12, 1910 - June 12, 1985)was a Chinese mathematician famous for his important contributions to number theory and one of the most influential mathematicians in the world. He is the founder of China's analytic number theory, matrix geometry, self-sustained function theory, and multivariate complex functions.Hua's later work on mathematical optimization and operations research made an enormous impact on China's economy.

Mao Yisheng

Dr. Mao Yisheng (January 9, 1896 – November 12, 1989) was a Chinese structural engineer, an expert on bridge construction, and a social activist. Mao was regarded as the founder of modern bridge engineering in China. Mao's long and productive career included designing two of the most famous modern bridges in China, the Qiantang River Bridge near Hangzhou, and the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge in Wuhan.

Zhu Kezhen

Dr.Zhu Kezhen ( March 7, 1890 – February 7, 1974) was a prominent meteorologist, geologist and chinese educator.In 1918, he received his Ph.D. in meteorology from Harvard University. He is recognized as a "great master" in Chinese meteorology and geography.

Qian Weichang

Qian Weichang (9 October 1912 – 30 July 2010) was a Chinese physicist and applied mathematician, as well as academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.He was generally acknowledged as one of the pioneers and founders of modern mechanics in China and also made great contribution to the engineering applications of sciences, such as the fluttering of airplanes, the design of submarines, armour penetration, the design of instruments and panpipe systems.

Deng Jiaxian ( 25 June 1924-29 July 1986 )was a nuclear physics expert and a leading organizer and key contributor to the Chinese nuclear weapon programs.

Deng Jiaxian is regarded as the "Father of China's Nuclear Program." In 1999, he was posthumously awarded the National Merit Medal for his contributions to Chinese military science.

Deng Jiaxian

Deng Jiaxian

Zhou Peiyuan

Zhou Peiyuan (August 28, 1902 – November 24, 1993) was a renowned theoretical physicist, educator and social activist, one of the founders of China's modern mechanics.He obtained his doctorate degree under Eric Temple Bell with thesis  The Gravitational Field of a Body with Rotational Symmetry in Einstein's Theory of Gravitation and then studied general relativity under Albert Einstein in the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton.

Tong Dizhou

Tong Dizhou (28 May 1902 – 30 March 1979) was a Chinese embryologist remembered for his contributions to the field of cloning.He introduced cellular nuclear transfer technology to the Chinese biological community, developed methods to clone organisms from many marine species, and investigated the role of cytoplasm in early development. Tong's administrative and scientific leadership in the fields of marine, cellular, and developmental biology contributed to China's experimental embryology research programs.

Qian Sanqiang

Qian Sanqiang(October 16, 1913 – June 28, 1992) was a Chinese nuclear physicist. Due to his central role in the development of China's nuclear industry and nuclear weapons program, he is referred to as China's "father of the atomic bomb."

Chen-Ning Yang

Chen-Ning Frank Yang (1 October 1922 - ) is a Chinese physicist who works on 

statistical mechanics and particle physics.He and Tsung-dao Lee received the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on parity nonconservation of weak interaction. The two proved theoretically that one of the basic quantum-mechanics laws, the conservation of parity, is violated in the so-called weak nuclear reactions, those nuclear processes that result in the emission of beta or alpha particles. The most important work of Yang is Yang-Mills theory.

Tsung-Dao Lee

Tsung-Dao Lee (24 November 1926 - ) is a Chinese-American physicist, known for his work on parity violation, the Lee Model, particle physics, relativistic heavy ion (RHIC) physics, nontopological solitons and soliton stars.In 1957, Lee, at the age of 30, won the Nobel Prize in Physics with Franklin C N Yang for their work on the violation of the parity law in weak interactions.

Charles K. Kao

Sir Charles Kuen Kao( 4 November 1933 - 23 September 2018 )is a Chinese electrical engineer and physicist who pioneered the development and use of fiber optics in telecommunications. Known as the "Godfather of Broadband"and the "Father of Fiber Optic Communications",Kao was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication.

Tu Youyou

Tu Youyou (30 December 1930 - ) is a Chinese pharmaceutical chemist and educator 

She discovered artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin, used to treat malaria, which has saved millions of lives. Her discovery of artemisinin and its treatment of malaria is a significant breakthrough in 20th century tropical medicine and an important health improvement for people of tropical developing countries in South Asia, Africa, and South America.For her work, Tu received the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.Tu Youyou was born and educated and carried out research exclusively in China.